The recent renovation of St. Patrick’s Cathedral in New York City—a prominent 1870s religious landmark designed by James Renwick Jr. and last modernized in 1949—reflects the vision of its trustees to advance not only ecological and economic value, but also social values held closely by “America’s Parish Church,” as it is known.
A high-rise tower that gently twists with 30 degrees of rotation between the ground and top floors also keeps South Africa’s environmental challenges of water scarcity and limited electricity supply in mind.
Imagine an energy code that measurably reduces energy use and carbon emissions in new buildings, without increasing construction cost. Imagine an energy code with a simple point system: six points and you pass.
For some people, human-centric lighting is narrowly defined as circadian lighting—lighting that changes color during the day with our circadian cycles. Others believe in a broader take—lighting that is attuned to our activities, from working in an open-office environment to getting ready for a social occasion in a hotel ballroom.
Flat roofs represent a significant proportion of urban areas and perform a variety of functions, each of which is responsible for a corresponding variety of effects on the urban environment and its infrastructure.